Född 1499 i Almby (T). [Åskog]
Död 1573-10-27 i Uppsala domkyrkoförs (C).
Laurentius Petri Nericius (Örebro 1499 – 27 October 1573) was a Swedish clergyman and
the first Evangelical Lutheran Archbishop of Sweden. He and his brother Olaus Petri are,
together with the King Gustav Vasa, regarded as the main Protestant reformers of Sweden.
They are commemorated by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America on April 19.
* 1 Early life * 2 Archbishop * 3 Works * 4 Notes and references * 5 External links
Laurentius was born Lars Persson in Örebro, Närke. Laurentius studied in Germany in 1520,
possibly together with his brother. Here they took influence from Lutheranism, among other
things they met with Martin Luther himself. On returning home to Stockholm, they got
stranded and nearly lost their lives as the boat went ashore on the island Gotland. They
both survived however, and settled on the island, and Laurentius became headmaster at a
school while Olaus became assistant to a priest. Not so long after, Olaus travelled with the
priest to Stockholm and the crowning of King Gustav Vasa. Subsequently he managed to
get on friendly terms with the King, and soon moved to Stockholm where he worked in the
vicinity of the King.
At the Uppsala Council 1531, the Swedish King Gustav Vasa took the final step of breaking
with the Catholic church, by personally appointing Laurentius to new archbishop. On
September 22 that year, Laurentius was consecrated archbishop by the Petrus Magni,
Bishop of Västerås. Magni had himself been ordained by the Pope in Rome, the last bishop
to have been so, and by consecrating Laurentius the apostolical succession was retained in
Sweden, which was considered important.
Later that year Laurentius married the King's cousin Elisabeth Didriksdotter, becoming
the first Swedish archbishop to be married. His brother Olaus had already become the first
priest to marry in 1525.
The king forbade Laurentius to interfere with the his reformation plans. Laurentius wisely
defended the autonomy of the Church against the various ideas of Gustav, such as his wish
to abolish all bishops, while still steady advancing and promoting the ideas of the
reformation texts within Sweden. His main contribution were his abundant writings which
laid the foundation for the Swedish Church Ordinance established at the Uppsala Council
He was archbishop for 42 years, unparallelled in Sweden, and during his time he was often
in conflicts with the royalties. In 1539 his brother Olaus was sentenced to death by the King
over some arguments, and Laurentius was among those forced to sign the death sentence.
It has been disputed whether Laurentius was doing this because of a weak character or if
he thought it better to formally obey so that he could continue to spread the reformation
ideas. Olaus did eventually get pardoned in 1542, much due to his influential friends, but he
was forced to keep a low profile, leaving the role of main reformator solely to Laurentius.
The first complete Swedish translation of the Bible was published in 1541, nicknamed the
Vasa Bible after the King. Laurentius was one of the main proponents supervising the
project, together with his brother Olaus and the clergyman Laurentius Andreae.
In the 1560s, when the ideas of Calvin gained in influence, Laurentius published several
texts where he spoke for Lutheranism. It has been suggested that it was the first time the
Swedish Church defined its Lutheran character.
Laurentius Petri Nericius, född 1499; kallade sig först Nericius efter Närke där han var född;
vald till ärkebiskop 1531; † 1573. Gift med Elisabet Didriksdotter, dotter av myntmästaren
Didrik i Västerås och Uppsala, och Birgitta Kristiernsdotter (Vasa). Elisabet var Sveriges
första ärkebiskopinna. Barnens antal var sju, av vilka fyra dog under en farsot i Uppsala
Margareta Larsdotter, gift 1:o med ärkebiskop Laurentius Petri Gothus; gift 2:o med
ärkebiskop Andreas Laurentii Björnram. Margaretas och Andreas dotter Karin blev gift med
sin kusin Johan Luth, son till nedanstående Olaus Jonae och Kristina. Magdalena Larsdotter,
gift med ärkebiskop Abraham Angermannus, † 1599, bondson från Sidensjö sn i norra
Ångermanland. Kristina Larsdotter, gift 2:o gången med professorn Olaus Jonae Luth.
KÄLLOR Sveriges Ärkebiskopar från 1164 till nuvarande tid av Gustav Åsbrink
Gifte och barn